The field of medicine is ever evolving, with new techniques and treatments being developed for a range of conditions across the spectrum. The way we understand medicine, fields such as diagnostics and treatments, is also changing. Instead of a ‘one...
Telomeres are structural DNA elements of repetitive
nucleotide sequences complexed with proteins at the ends of each chromosome.
They preserve chromosome stability, but also determine the replicative limits of
a given cell. That is telomere length decreases with each cell...
Pharmacogenomics can be described as the scientific process
of selecting a therapeutic regimen for a patient with a given condition that
takes account of patient specific responses and drug side effects using gene
panels and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data...
Kidney transplant is a common procedure in those with
late-stage renal disease. These patients can experience gastrointestinal
complaints such as diarrhea, which may be associated with premature kidney
allograft failure and mortality. Historically, has been thought due to
medication, however the...
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
and the Infectious Disease Society of America, each year in the USA alone, at
least 2 million people are infected with bacteria that are resistant to
antibiotics and more than 100,000...
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer related death. Squamous-cell
carcinoma, a type of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), comprises 25–30% of
all lung cancer cases and is strongly correlated with cigarette smoking. The
remaining 70-75% of lung cancer cases...
Found in the brain and spinal cord, the cerebrospinal fluid
(CSF) is a clear, colorless fluid with a total volume of about 125ml per person,
produced by specialized neuroglia called ependymal cells, that acts as a buffer
and cushioning solution....
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) 1 in 10 Americans has diabetes. The global prevalence is similar
with at least 422 million living with diabetes according to the World Health
Organization (WHO). There are two...
Globally, cancer of the lung is the most common cause of
cancer related mortality. It is also the most commonly diagnosed. 3D patient derived
organoids provide a more faithful model of cancer than 2D in vitro cell
culture and represent...
Asthma is a chronic condition that can sporadically effect
breathing. People with the condition have narrowed inflamed airways, which
produce excess mucus, restricting breathing. The “Dutch” hypothesis suggests
that asthma may develop into COPD. According to the US Centers for...
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